Amathous, an important ancient city-kingdom in Cyprus, holds mythological significance as it was where the Greek hero Theseus left the pregnant Ariadne in the care of local women. The city was also a significant center for worshipping the Goddess Aphrodite-Astarte. The archaeological site of Amathous boasts a wealth of historical discoveries. Among them are the Agora, the public baths, the Temple of Aphrodite, early Christian basilicas, and several tombs.
Kolossi castle stands as a splendid illustration of military architecture, originally constructed in the 13th century and later rebuilt in its current form during the 15th century. Following the fall of Acre in 1291, it assumed the role of the Grand Commandery for the Knights of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem.
Kourion, one of the island's most significant city-kingdoms in ancient times, boasts remarkable archaeological remains that have been extensively excavated. These findings can be explored at the site. Built atop hills, the city-kingdom of Kourion commanded a view of the fertile valley of the river Kouris. Archaeological evidence suggests a connection between Kourion and the Greek legend of Argos of Peloponnese, with its inhabitants believing they were descendants of Argean immigrants.
Apollon Hylates, known as the God of the Woodland, served as the guardian deity of Kourion, and it is believed that people worshipped him at this location from the 8th century BC to the 4th century AD. The sanctuary dedicated to him held great religious significance and underwent several expansions and modifications during various periods.
Kourion, a significant city-kingdom in ancient times, remains one of the most remarkable archaeological sites in Cyprus. One of its standout features is the theatre, positioned on the southern edge of the steep hill upon which the city was built, making it of utmost importance. Originally constructed in the late 2nd century BC, the theatre underwent further expansions during the 2nd century AD, taking on its present dimensions.