Kourion, a significant city-kingdom in ancient times, remains one of the most remarkable archaeological sites in Cyprus. One of its standout features is the theatre, positioned on the southern edge of the steep hill upon which the city was built, making it of utmost importance.
Originally constructed in the late 2nd century BC, the theatre underwent further expansions during the 2nd century AD, taking on its present dimensions. It consisted of a semicircular orchestra surrounded by seats carved into subterranean cells known as the cavea. To the south, there was a scaenae frons (façade), which must have been as tall as the cavea, but only its foundations survive today.
On both sides of the stage, two vaulted corridors, known as parodoi, served as entrances for the audience. The theatre had a seating capacity of up to 3,500 spectators.
In the early 3rd century AD, modifications were made to transform the theatre into an arena for wild animal fights. However, by the end of the 3rd century AD, the arena spectacles declined, and the theatre resumed its original purpose.
Excavations at Kourion commenced in 1933, led by the University of Pennsylvania. Since then, various University Archaeological Missions, along with the Cyprus Department of Antiquities, have continued the excavation efforts.
Today, the theatre remains a vibrant venue for numerous cultural events and theatrical performances, especially during the summer season.
Situated on the left bank of the river Pediaios, in the region that now encompasses the villages of Politiko, Pera, and Episkopio, stands a vast archaeological site with remarkable discoveries. Among the findings are the temple of Aphrodite, two grand royal tombs, and several smaller burial sites.
In the Dali Village area of Cyprus lies the significant archaeological site of Idalion, renowned for its abundant discoveries displayed in prestigious museums worldwide. The origins of this ancient city are attributed to Chalcanor, an Achaean hero from the Trojan War and a descendant of Teucer, the founder of Salamis.
Amathous, an important ancient city-kingdom in Cyprus, holds mythological significance as it was where the Greek hero Theseus left the pregnant Ariadne in the care of local women. The city was also a significant center for worshipping the Goddess Aphrodite-Astarte. The archaeological site of Amathous boasts a wealth of historical discoveries. Among them are the Agora, the public baths, the Temple of Aphrodite, early Christian basilicas, and several tombs.
Kourion, one of the island's most significant city-kingdoms in ancient times, boasts remarkable archaeological remains that have been extensively excavated. These findings can be explored at the site. Built atop hills, the city-kingdom of Kourion commanded a view of the fertile valley of the river Kouris. Archaeological evidence suggests a connection between Kourion and the Greek legend of Argos of Peloponnese, with its inhabitants believing they were descendants of Argean immigrants.
Kolossi castle stands as a splendid illustration of military architecture, originally constructed in the 13th century and later rebuilt in its current form during the 15th century. Following the fall of Acre in 1291, it assumed the role of the Grand Commandery for the Knights of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem.