Kourion, one of the island's most significant city-kingdoms in ancient times, boasts remarkable archaeological remains that have been extensively excavated. These findings can be explored at the site.
Built atop hills, the city-kingdom of Kourion commanded a view of the fertile valley of the river Kouris. Archaeological evidence suggests a connection between Kourion and the Greek legend of Argos of Peloponnese, with its inhabitants believing they were descendants of Argean immigrants. Unfortunately, the once-thriving kingdom met its demise due to a devastating earthquake in 365 AD.
The centerpiece of the site is the magnificent Greco-Roman theater, constructed in the 2nd century BC and later expanded in the 2nd century AD. After restoration, the theater now serves as a venue for open-air musical and theatrical performances, particularly during the summer, attracting numerous high-caliber cultural events.
Located east of the theater, the 'House of Eustolios' stands as a significant building. Initially a private villa, it was later transformed into a public recreation center during the Early Christian period. Though not large in size, the villa was well-appointed and lavishly adorned. The remains feature exquisite 5th-century mosaic floors in the central room and a bathing complex at a higher level to the north, accessible by steps. A roof structure enables year-round exploration of the site.
The baths were situated to the north and east of the central room, with cold baths (frigidarium) and foot-baths. The hypocausts, responsible for heating the medium (tepidarium) and hot (caldarium) rooms, are visible on the west side. The caldarium still showcases built-in basins for hot baths and firing chambers to carry hot air through the hypocausts, circulating beneath the terracotta tiles of the floor through specially-cut flues.
The 'House of Achilles' and the 'House of the Gladiators' are two other noteworthy locations on the site, featuring impressive mosaic floors that give them their names.
The remains of the Roman Agora, dating back to the early 3rd century with later additions from the Early Christian period, can also be observed. This structure was built upon the remnants of an earlier public building, utilized from the end of the 4th century until the end of the Hellenistic period. Surrounding the Agora are porticos with marble columns on both sides, and nearby stand an impressive public bath and the Nymphaeum, a small temple dedicated to water nymphs.
Additionally, an early Christian basilica, dating back to the 5th century, can be found on the site, accompanied by a separate baptistery on the external northern side.
Finally, the Stadium of Kourion is located 1km to the west, on the right side of the road leading to Pafos.
Situated on the left bank of the river Pediaios, in the region that now encompasses the villages of Politiko, Pera, and Episkopio, stands a vast archaeological site with remarkable discoveries. Among the findings are the temple of Aphrodite, two grand royal tombs, and several smaller burial sites.
In the Dali Village area of Cyprus lies the significant archaeological site of Idalion, renowned for its abundant discoveries displayed in prestigious museums worldwide. The origins of this ancient city are attributed to Chalcanor, an Achaean hero from the Trojan War and a descendant of Teucer, the founder of Salamis.
Amathous, an important ancient city-kingdom in Cyprus, holds mythological significance as it was where the Greek hero Theseus left the pregnant Ariadne in the care of local women. The city was also a significant center for worshipping the Goddess Aphrodite-Astarte. The archaeological site of Amathous boasts a wealth of historical discoveries. Among them are the Agora, the public baths, the Temple of Aphrodite, early Christian basilicas, and several tombs.
Kolossi castle stands as a splendid illustration of military architecture, originally constructed in the 13th century and later rebuilt in its current form during the 15th century. Following the fall of Acre in 1291, it assumed the role of the Grand Commandery for the Knights of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem.
Kourion, a significant city-kingdom in ancient times, remains one of the most remarkable archaeological sites in Cyprus. One of its standout features is the theatre, positioned on the southern edge of the steep hill upon which the city was built, making it of utmost importance. Originally constructed in the late 2nd century BC, the theatre underwent further expansions during the 2nd century AD, taking on its present dimensions.