Near Coral Bay resort lies the settlement of Maa-Paleokastro, which holds historical significance as the initial dwelling place of the ancient Mycenaean Greeks in 1200 BC. These Greeks migrated to the island after the fall of the Mycenaean Kingdoms in mainland Greece, marking the beginning of Hellenisation on Cyprus. As a result, this site provides valuable insights into the end of the Late Bronze Age on the island.
The name 'Paleokastro,' meaning 'old castle' in Greek, originates from its impressive defensive walls, which were always visible. The fortifications consist of two distinct Cyclopean-style walls: one protected the settlement from land-based threats, while the other offered defense from the sea.
Designed by the talented Italian architect-conservator and professor Andrea Bruno, the small museum showcases the colonization of Cyprus by the Mycenaean Greeks with its unique architecture.
The Cyprus Museum, the largest and primary archaeological institution on the island, showcases the evolution of Cypriot civilization from the Neolithic Age to the Early Byzantine period (7th century). Its impressive collections consist of artifacts from extensive excavations conducted across the entire island, which have significantly contributed to the advancement of Cypriot archaeology and research on the Mediterranean's cultural heritage.
In 2007, the Local Museum of Ancient Idalion was established with the primary purpose of showcasing and promoting the abundant historical discoveries from the Idalion region (Dali). Additionally, it was designed to serve as a Visitor Centre for the nearby archaeological site.
The museum's exhibits offer a comprehensive representation of the chronological phases of Idalion's history. These artifacts originate from both ancient and more recent excavations carried out in the area, encompassing both settlements and burial grounds.
Presented by Clio and Solon Triantafyllides, the museum houses an exceptional private collection of Greek Mycenaean pottery, making it one of the most significant on the island. The collection features a distinct anthropomorphic vessel, along with the renowned white slip and base ring styles – both iconic pottery forms from Cyprus during the Late Bronze Age, renowned worldwide.
Situated on the left bank of the river Pediaios, in the region that now encompasses the villages of Politiko, Pera, and Episkopio, stands a vast archaeological site with remarkable discoveries. Among the findings are the temple of Aphrodite, two grand royal tombs, and several smaller burial sites.
In the Dali Village area of Cyprus lies the significant archaeological site of Idalion, renowned for its abundant discoveries displayed in prestigious museums worldwide. The origins of this ancient city are attributed to Chalcanor, an Achaean hero from the Trojan War and a descendant of Teucer, the founder of Salamis.
The Limassol Archaeological Museum is a captivating destination that offers a glimpse into the rich history and cultural heritage of Cyprus. Located in the heart of Limassol, this museum showcases a diverse collection of artifacts dating back to the Neolithic period, spanning over 9,000 years of human civilization.